Diabetes and its types


The most common types of diabetes are type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes.



Type 1 diabetes (also known as diabetes mellitus) is an autoimmune disease in which immune cells attack and destroy the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas i.e., beta cells. The loss of insulin leads to the inability to regulate blood sugar levels. It can occur both by genetically and environmentally. Patients are usually treated with insulin-replacement therapy.



Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a disease characterized by high levels of blood glucose (hyperglycemia). It starts as insulin resistance, which means our body can’t use insulin efficiently. Factors may include genetics, lack of exercise, and being overweight.



Gestational diabetes is due to blocking of insulin hormones produced during pregnancy.



 


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